Those professional terms about fabrics


Warp yarn density The length of the fabric direction; t […]

Warp yarn density

The length of the fabric direction; the yarn is called warp; its 1-inch yarn arranged in the number of warp (warp density);

Weft yarn density

The width of the fabric direction; the yarn is called weft yarn, the number of 1-inch yarn arranged in the weft density (weft density);


Used to indicate the number of yarns per unit length of the woven fabric, usually the number of yarns within 1 inch or 10 cm. The national standard stipulates that the density of yarn be used within 10 cm. However, the textile enterprises are still accustomed to using The number of yarns within 1 inch represents the density. As commonly seen, "45X45 / 108X58" means that the warp yarns have 45 weft yarns and the weft density is 108,58.


The effective width of the fabric, the general habit of using inches or centimeters, said the common 36 inches, 44 inches, 56-60 inches and so on, were called narrow, medium and wide, more than 60 inches of fabric is extra wide Width, usually called wide cloth, the width of today's extra-wide fabric can reach 360 cm. Width is generally marked in the density behind, such as: 3 mentioned in the fabric, if you add the width is expressed as: "45X45 / 108X58 / 60" or width of 60 inches.


Fabric weight is generally the weight of fabric in grams, weight is an important technical indicator of knitted fabrics, wool usually weight as an important technical indicators. Denim fabric weight is generally expressed in "Oz" (Oz), ie, ounces per square yard of fabric weight, such as 7 ounces, 12 ounces of denim and so on;


Japan called "first dyed fabric" refers to the first yarn or filament dyeing, and then the use of colored yarn for weaving process, this fabric is called "dyed fabric", the general said the production of yarn-dyed fabric factory For dyed mills, such as denim, and most of the shirt fabrics are dyed;